957Htaccess and White-listing IPs

AuthUserFile /path/to/.htpasswd
AuthName "Restricted Access"
AuthType Basic
Require valid-user
Satisfy Any
Deny from All
Allow from 123.456.78.90

Allow IP ranges:

Allow from 123.456.78
Allow from 123.456

940Protecting a Single File with .htaccess

In .htaccess:
<Files myfile.php>
AuthType Basic
AuthName "Authentication Required"
AuthUserFile /path/to/.htpasswd
Require valid-user

937Creating entries for htpasswd

htpasswd -nb username password
Using just -n username will prompt twice for the password.
htpasswd -n username
From htpasswd man:
-n Don’t update file; display results on stdout.
-b Use the password from the command line rather than prompting for it.

918Permanent Redirect of all Subpages to new Server

301 Redirect is great, if you want to keep you old structure and only change the server.

Redirect 301 / https://www.trembl.org/
Any page of your old.site/about would get redirected to https://www.trembl.org.about

If you want to redirect all your page links from your old.site (e.g. old.site, old.site/aaa, old.site/bbb, …) to https://www.trembl.org, use this RewriteRule:

RewriteEngine On
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://www.trembl.org/ [R=301]

864Pulling a GitHub Repository with Tokens & Webhooks

Here is how to sync a WordPress Theme from Github to your own server:

Create a Personal Access Token on GitHub

Webhook on GitHub:
Webhook on GitHub for .htaccess protected directory:
cd $temp_dir git init // initialize git git pull https://{$token}@github.com/{$repo}
<?php // path to local tmp directory $temp_dir = '/my/local/tmp/directory/'; // path to local theme directory $theme_dir = "/my/local/theme/directory/"; // access token from GitHub $token = 'abcdefghijk'; // Repo $repo = 'github.com/trembl/SuperNiceRepo.git'; // - - - - - // change to local git directory chdir($temp_dir); // resets local git echo exec('git reset --hard 2>&1') . ", "; // get latest from github echo exec("git pull https://$token@$repo 2>&1"); // delete theme dir echo "\n\nDeleting Theme Directory.\n"; echo exec("rm -rf $theme_dir*"); // * deletes all files within the directory // Copying Theme from $temp_dir to $theme_dir echo "\n\nCopying Theme from tmp folder to wp-content.\n"; echo exec("cp -a $temp_dir/* $theme_dir"); // cp -a $temp_dir/* copies everything _except_ invisible files, like .git ?> update.php protected by .htaccess? 860 Access a URL behind htaccess/htpasswd
Protect update.php ONLY with .htaccess? 940 Protecting a Single File with .htaccess

Q & A

I get the following error message: Stopping at filesystem boundary (GIT_DISCOVERY_ACROSS_FILESYSTEM not set). That means git is not initalized. Run git init

860Access a URL behind htaccess/htpasswd

Access a htaccess/htpasswd protected URL programmatically: https://username:passwd@www.trembl.org/protected/area/ See also: Pulling a GitHub Repository with Tokens & Webhooks